How Dog DNA Testing Works
Ranking Criteria Explained
One of the crucial factors we focus on at the very beginning of our ranking process is that of test variety and quality. Of equal importance are test accuracy and the likelihood of test error and failure. More specific test-related criteria include the number of checked DNA markers and the quantum of checked breeds, genetic diseases, and potential physical traits. The quality of test results is further determined by the professionalism of the staff and the quality of the testing facility and equipment.
After carefully analyzing all test-related factors, we proceed to thoroughly inspect different aspects of customer service. These include the quality of customer support, turnaround times, privacy and information security, and of course, prices.
Finally, we take into consideration the available partnerships with relevant entities, including veterinarians and animal clinics. Now that you know how our ranking process works, let’s take a closer look at the best dog DNA tests on the market!
Our Top Picks
When looking for the best DNA tests to fit your budget, your personal goals, and the overall scope of your genetic exploration, researching all the available options is of paramount importance. Whether you are just interested in satisfying your curiosity or embarking on a serious DNA-related quest, the following mini-reviews will familiarize you with the top at-home testing solutions currently on the market.
Founded in 2005, Wisdom Panel is the sub-operative of Mars Petcare, a division of Mars Incorporated. The company specializes in DNA tests for canines, but it is constantly expanding its program, so we’re sure we can expect more solutions in the future.
Wisdom Panel has performed over 800,000 tests so far, has over 12,000 samples in its database, and covers 99% of the 180 breeds recognized by the AKC. It also has multiple partnerships in the field, including Washington State University, Genoscoper Laboratories Finland, Geneseek, Waltham, Morris Animal Foundation, Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, and others.
Wisdom Panel currently offers 2 animal DNA tests:
Wisdom Panel 4.0
The price tag for this test is 84.99$, with a turnaround time of 2-3 weeks. It can be performed on purebred, mixed breed, and designer dogs. The results provide purebred ancestry identification (3 generations), weight profile prediction, info on physical traits, MDR1 genetic mutations, and the possibility of Exercise-Induced Collapse. You’ll also receive a predicted weight profile, a genetic trait analysis, and a unique discount code for your family and friends. You can also share the results with your veterinarian.
Wisdom Panel Health
This test combines screening for potential genetic health conditions with exhaustive breed detection. The test costs $149.99 and has a turnaround time of 3-4 weeks. The results provide a full genetic disease report (among 150 conditions), reports on morphology, coat properties, and other traits, a personal dog profile you can share, a breeder tool for identifying compatible mates, and constant updates to the results.
Wisdom Panel 2.0 and 3.0 can now only be purchased through online retailers.
Embark is a successful startup put in motion by brothers Adam and Ryan Boyko, two prominent scientists and genetics aficionados. It’s the youngest company on our list by far, being founded in 2015. Embark features a detailed canine DNA test with over 256 quadrillion genetic combinations tested. The company processes the samples in a modern lab and allows for raw data download.
Embark has partnered with the Cornell University of Veterinary Medicine and the ever-present Scientific Advisory Board. On top of that, it engages in numerous research projects and does charity work whenever given the opportunity.
The Embark Dog Breed + Health test costs 199$ (shipped internationally) and offers breed identification + ancestry research for your dog(s) by cross-referencing its DNA with 250 dog breeds, including village dog. Additionally, you’ll also receive a health report that screens for 170+ common genetic canine diseases. The test checks more than 200,000 genetic markers.
Your final report will also determine the genetic age of your dog, allowing you to “translate” it into human years. The last part of the health report will indicate detailed care and wellness recommendations based on your dog’s genetic age.
If you do not need the health-related portion of the results, you can opt for the Embark Breed Identification kit as a stand-alone test. This option costs 129$. Embark also offers a DNA test specifically designed for breeders. For the price of 179$ (special discounts for bulk purchases), you can learn how to make specific breeding decisions using the health and trait results.
There is also a special offer for veterinarians who choose to sell Embark tests in their clinics.
EasyDNA has more than 35 offices in different regions of the world, which makes its canine DNA tests the most accessible ones on the market.
It currently boasts more than 300,000 tests executed, complementing high-quality service with knowledgeable user support. EasyDNA offers 6 different canine tests, which check 21 DNA markers, ensuring 99.9999% precision.
It offers the following testing solutions for dogs:
Dog DNA Testing Without The Mother
Canine parentage testing without the mother’s sample is much more complex and difficult, but EasyDNA offers this possibility nonetheless. The price is 306$ and the average turnaround time is 10 business days.
DNA My Dog Breed Test
This test allows you to identify the genetic combination of your mixed breed dog. The price is 79$ and the results are usually complete within 2-3 weeks. Note that the entire dog’s genome is tested, so the results might not reflect its current appearance.
Dog Parentage Test
This test establishes your dog’s parentage in a definitive manner. The price is 198$ and the results are ready in 10 business days.
Dog Inherited Disease & Trait Test
EasyDNA tests your dog for diseases and traits specific to its breed. The price is 75$ and the results are complete within 7 business days.
Dog Allergy Testing
The price of this option is 99$ and it is designed to detect the most common allergens that affect your pet in negative ways. The results are usually ready within 2 weeks.
Dog Poop DNA Testing
The company’s only price-on-request product is more aimed at identifying irresponsible owners than anything else. As such, it is not of interest to our current topic.
Live Well Testing
Live Well Testing is an e-commerce branch of Confirm BioSciences, stationed in San Diego. It offers a plethora of canine DNA testing solutions and many dog wellness kits and equipment.
Live Well Testing offers the following dog DNA tests in its portfolio:
Dog Genetic DNA Disease & Trait Test – For the price of 129.99$, your dog is checked for over 150 dog traits and diseases. The results are ready within 7-10 days.
Petnostics Urine Home Test Kit
The test examines the overall health of your pet. The price is 10.99$ and the results are available instantly.
PetConfirm Canine Value Pack
It screens for infections of the urinary tract, kidney failure, and diabetes. The price of the test is 29.99$ and the results are complete within 2 minutes.
Canine Parvovirus/Coronavirus Antigen Home Test Kit
This test discovers pathogenic strains of canine Coronavirus and Parvovirus. It costs 19.99$.
Perfect Pet Fecal Worm Home Detection Kit
It discovers hookworms, roundworms, whipworms, and coccidia. The price is 33.99$ and the results are available 24 hours upon sample receipt.
Live Well Testing also provides tests for heartworms, Ehrlichia, and Lyme, as well as kits and strips for glucose level monitoring. It ships its merchandise worldwide, so you can order any test from pretty much any part of the globe.
On top of frequent discounts and coupons, Live Well Testing also holds a price match policy, which means it’ll match any lower price for the same products as the ones in its offer.
DDC Veterinary is a division of DDC, one of the largest private laboratories for DNA testing. The father conglomerate was founded in 1995 in Fairfield, Ohio, which gave it ample time to hone its service quality and staff professionalism. DDC is the first (and only) laboratory to implement robotics technology into its testing processes.
DDC features a multitude of international partnerships and accreditations (AABB, ANAB ISO/IEC 17025, ASCLD/LAB -International, College of American Pathologists, New York State Department of Health, and others). Every test is executed twice and overseen and reviewed by a
DDC Veterinary offers a wide assortment of animal DNA tests, including canine, feline, avian, equine, and alpaca testing solutions (DDC is the official DNA testing provider for the Association of Alpaca Owners, located in Lincoln, Nebraska).
DDC Animal offers the following dog DNA tests:
DNA Test & Life Plan by Orivet
This test replaced Wisdom Panel 3.0 in DDC Veterinary’s portfolio and costs 89$ + shipping. The test screens for 220+ dog breeds (wolf and coyote included) and the final report is generated within 3 weeks.
Canine DNA Parentage Test
The price of the test is 38$ per sample plus shipping and it determines and certifies the parentage of the litter.
Canine DNA Profiling/Genotyping
Personalized profiling of the dog costs 38$ per sample plus shipping. It checks 16 genetic markers in the dog’s genome.
Canine Inherited Disease Tests
Your dog is tested for the genetic presence of 10 different inherited diseases. The price is 58$ plus shipping.
Inherited Traits Testing
With this test, the test subject is tested for 7 inherited traits. The price tag is 58$ plus shipping.